Patients with allergies are vulnerable to complications upon exposure to allergens. Allergens are substances that can trigger reactions in the body, causing medical complications. The immune system protects the body from potentially harmful foreign substances. Bacteria and toxins can get into the body. However, upon detection by the immune system, a Houston allergic reaction occurs in response to contact with an allergen. This hypersensitivity reaction is necessary to jumpstart the body’s preservation mechanisms for symptom management.
What are some of the most common allergens?
Allergic reactions usually have specific triggers. The following are some of the most prevalent allergens affecting patients:
- Insect bites
- Foods like eggs and peanuts
- Medications like ibuprofen
Although most allergens cause a minor reaction, it would be best to be cautious and aware of your surroundings because patients have unique immune systems. Thus some may experience an unpredictable response.
What causes an allergic reaction?
The best way to understand the cause of an allergic reaction is to start with a comprehensive analysis of the immune system. The immune system consists of white blood cells. When an allergen enters the body, it goes by an antigen. The white blood cells produce a specific antibody to fight the antigen in sensitization. Antigens are an essential part of an allergic reaction because they help the body recognize an antibody and thus respond effectively.
The type of antibodies your body produces will stimulate the production of mediators. These chemicals stimulate the production of more white blood cells defenders. The most known example of mediators is histamine initiating symptoms to occur. However, not all patients exhibit symptoms at the same time. Allergic reactions vary in severity, and some patients may get symptoms earlier than others.
What are the risk factors for allergic reactions?
It would be best to understand your medical and family history to appreciate any allergy risk factors. The following factors can increase a patient’s risk of getting allergic reactions:
- Autoimmune conditions
- Pulmonary diseases
- Sensitive skin
What are the symptoms and signs of an allergic reaction?
Patients should appreciate that reactions to allergens vary in patients. Allergic reactions can occur in a localized body area, and others can spread and affect multiple body systems. Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction include:
Anaphylaxis: Patients can undergo shock, where the body organs receive less oxygen due to decreased blood pressure and thus flow. Patients in this state can seem confused, sweaty or dry, and pale.
- Irritation, especially on the skin
- Shortness of breath
- Runny nose
- Bloodshot and teary eyes
- Stomach pain
When should patients seek medical intervention for allergic reactions?
Patients should research to appreciate relief techniques for minor and localized allergic reactions. However, if symptoms do not improve, medical intervention is necessary to prevent adversities. A comprehensive diagnosis of a patient’s allergic status could help them avoid dangerous environments that risk exposing them to potential triggers. Contact Houston Medical ER to receive professional emergency care for your allergic reaction and restore your wellness by preventing any complications that might develop.